Key Issues


Every person, regardless of their sexual orientation or gender identity, has the right to respect, dignified treatment and self-determination.

Sexual orientation or gender identity is only one of the characteristics of a human being and no person should be defined exclusively from that perspective.

People dealing with courts may experience fear and uncertainty. Additionally, LGBTI persons may have no trust in courts and judges.

Sometimes we may, even unconsciously, discriminate against LGBTI persons.

Useful facts:

Article 32 of the Constitution of the Republic of Poland prohibits all types of social, economic and political discrimination, also on the grounds of sexual orientation and gender identity.

Standards for the protection of LGBTI rights can be found in such instruments as the European Convention on Human Rights (Articles 6, 8, 14) and in the EU law (e.g. Article 21 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights).

The European Court of Human Rights and the Court of Justice of the European Union increasingly often deal with matters related to the rights of LGBTI persons, and judgments of these courts should be taken into account in the adjudication of Polish cases.